Introduction to Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia bordering Russia to the north and China to the south. The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian, and the capital city is Ulaanbaatar.
Mongolia is home to some of the most unique landscapes and wildlife on earth. From the Gobi Desert to the snow-capped Altai Mountains,
Mongolia has something for everyone. And with a growing tourism industry, now is the perfect time to visit this beautiful country.
Mongolia Holidays offers a wide range of tours and activities designed to help you get the most out of your trip to Mongolia.
Whether you want to explore the country’s stunning landscapes, learn about its fascinating history and culture, or just relax and enjoy the hospitality of the Mongolian people, we have a tour for you.
So what are you waiting for? Discover Mongolia with us today!
History of Mongolia
Mongolia has a long and rich history that dates back to the time of the Mongol Empire. The empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206,
and at its height, it stretched from China to Europe. After the death of Genghis Khan, the empire was divided among his sons and grandsons, and eventually dissolved in the 14th century.
Mongolia then fell under the rule of the Chinese Ming Dynasty but regained its independence in 1691. Since then, Mongolia has had a tumultuous history, marked by periods of both peace and war.
In 1911, Outer Mongolia declared independence from China, but this only lasted until 1919 when China regained control.
In 1921, the Mongolian People’s Republic was established as a communist state. This lasted until 1990 when communism began to collapse in Eastern Europe.
In 1992, Mongolia held its first free elections and became a democratic country.
Today, Mongolia is a rapidly developing country with a growing economy. Despite challenges such as poverty and political instability, Mongolia is a fascinating country with a rich culture and history.
The Landscape of Mongolia
Mongolia is a land of stunning natural beauty, with wide open spaces, towering mountains, and pristine lakes.
The country is home to a wealth of wildlife, including the iconic snow leopard, and its landscapes are some of the most varied and unique in Asia.
From the Gobi Desert to the steppe lands of the north, Mongolia offers travelers a truly once-in-a-lifetime experience.
Whether you’re looking to explore its vibrant culture, go on an adventure into the wild or simply relax in one of its beautiful natural surroundings, Mongolia is sure to exceed your expectations.
The People of Mongolia
Mongolia is a land of nomads, and its people have always been closely connected to the land and its animals. Even today, many Mongolians still live as their ancestors did, in yurts (traditional felt tents) and following a nomadic lifestyle.
Herding sheep, goats, cows, and yaks are an important part of Mongolian culture, and many families still make their living this way.
The people of Mongolia are incredibly warm and welcoming, and visitors to the country will often find themselves invited into homes for tea or dinner.
Hospitality is a very important part of Mongolian culture, and it’s not uncommon for strangers to be treated like family.
If you’re lucky enough to visit Mongolia, you’ll quickly fall in love with its beautiful landscapes and friendly people.
The Culture of Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east, and west.
Mongolia also borders Kazakhstan to the northwest. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country’s population. Mongolia’s political system is a parliamentary republic.
The majority of the state’s citizens are ethnic Mongols, although Kazakhs make up a significant minority, at around 21% of the population.
The non-Mongolian ethnic groups include Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Koreans, Turks, Iranians, and Chinese.
Mongolian culture has been heavily influenced by Buddhism and Shamanism. Other religions practiced in Mongolia include Islam and Christianity.
During Soviet rule (1924-1991), Mongolian culture was heavily suppressed. Since then, there has been a revival of traditional Mongolian culture and pride in being Mongolian.
The most important holiday in Mongolia is Naadam which celebrates three sports that have been important throughout Mongolian history: archery, horse racing, and wrestling.
Why Visit Mongolia?
Mongolia is a land of wide open spaces and incredible natural beauty. From the steppes to the Gobi Desert, there is much to explore in this vast country. And with our Mongolia holidays, you can do just that!
Mongolia is home to some of the world’s most unique wildlife, including the endangered snow leopard. You can also find yaks, camels, eagles, and more in Mongolia. The country is also a great place to see the Northern Lights.
Mongolia has a rich history and culture that date back thousands of years. There are many ancient temples and monasteries to explore,
as well as traditional Mongolian villages. And of course, no visit to Mongolia would be complete without a trip to Chinggis Khaan’s tomb!
So why visit Mongolia? For an adventure of a lifetime!
How to Travel to Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. It is a vast, empty, and often inhospitable place, but also one of great natural beauty.
Despite its remoteness, Mongolia is becoming increasingly popular with travelers who are seeking an off-the-beaten-track adventure.
If you’re thinking of traveling to Mongolia, here’s everything you need to know about how to get there…
The easiest way to travel to Mongolia is by flying into the capital city Ulaanbaatar. There are direct flights from several major cities in Asia, including Beijing, Seoul, and Hong Kong. Alternatively,
you can take a Trans-Siberian Railway journey from Moscow which takes around six days.
Once you’re in Mongolia, the best way to get around is by using local transport options such as buses, trains, or planes.
This can be tricky as timetables are often unreliable and English is not widely spoken. However, it’s all part of the Mongolian adventure!
Where to Stay in Mongolia
Mongolia is a vast and varied country, and where you choose to stay will depend largely on what kind of experience you’re hoping to have.
If you’re looking to get off the beaten track and explore Mongolia’s wild landscapes, then staying in a traditional ger camp is a must.
These round, felt-lined homes are the traditional dwelling of the nomadic people of Mongolia, and staying in one is a truly unique experience.
If you’re more interested in exploring Mongolia’s rich culture and history, then the capital city of Ulaanbaatar is the place to be.
Although it can be hectic and crowded, Ulaanbaatar is home to some of Mongolia’s best museums and historical sites.
And if you want to combine a bit of both – adventure and culture – then aim for Kharkhorin, the ancient capital of Mongolia.
This small town is surrounded by beautiful hiking trails and sits at the edge of the stunning Orkhon Valley.
What to Eat in Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia bordering Russia to the north and China to the south. The Gobi Desert covers a large part of Mongolia.
Herds of sheep, horses, yaks, and camels graze the steppes. Dairy products, meat, and animal fats are major parts of the Mongolian diet.
Mongolians traditionally eat with their hands, using pieces of flatbread as utensils. A typical meal consists of boiled meat (usually beef, mutton, or chicken), vegetables (potatoes, carrots, cabbage), and noodles.
The national dish is Khorkhog, which is chunks of meat (usual lamb) cooked with vegetables and spices in a metal pot.
Other popular dishes include Buuz (steamed dumplings), Khuushuur (fried dough pockets filled with meat), Tsagaan IPs (cold noodles), and Bodog (marinated meat grilled inside a whole animal skin).
It is recommended that travelers to Mongolia drink only bottled water and avoid eating raw or undercooked food. When dining out, it is best to stick to well-known restaurants that serve hygienic food.
What to Do in Mongolia
If you’re thinking of traveling to Mongolia, then you’re in for a treat! This fascinating country has a lot to offer, from its rich history and culture to its stunning natural scenery. Here are some ideas of what to do in Mongolia:
Visit the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. This vibrant city is home to many museums and galleries, as well as some great restaurants and bars. There’s plenty to keep you entertained here.
Explore the Gobi Desert. This huge desert stretches across much of Mongolia and is home to some incredible landscapes. Go on a camel safari or take a jeep tour to experience this unique place.
Visit the Lake Khövsgöl region. This beautiful area is famed for its crystal-clear waters and stunning mountain scenery.
Take a boat trip on the lake or go hiking in the surrounding mountains – there’s plenty to keep you busy here.
These are just a few ideas of what to do in Mongolia – there’s so much more to explore! So start planning your trip today and discover this incredible country for yourself.
Traveling to Mongolia with Mongolia Holidays is an amazing experience. With spectacular natural beauty,
fascinating local culture, and friendly people throughout the country; you are sure to have an unforgettable journey.
The team of experts at Mongolia Holidays will help you plan a unique and memorable trip that suits your interests and budget perfectly. So why not take the plunge and let us show you the wonders of Mongolia?
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